Peer-reviewed journal articles

Book chapters

Popular press

Student theses



Peer-reviewed journal articles


Henry, P.M., and J.H.J. Leveau (2016) Finished genome sequences of Xanthomonas fragariae, the cause of bacterial angular leaf spot of strawberry. Genome Announcements, 4(6): e01271-16. PDF

Henry, P.M., S.J. Gebben, J.J. Tech, J.L. Yip, and J.H.J. Leveau (2016) Inhibition of Xanthomonas fragariae, causative agent of angular leaf spot of strawberry, through iron deprivation. Frontiers in Microbiology, 7: 1589. PDF

Tecon, R. and J.H.J. Leveau (2016) Symplasmata are a clonal, conditional, and reversible type of bacterial multicellularity. Scientific Reports, 6: 31914. PDF

Uroz, S., P. Oger, E. Tisserand, A. Cébron, M.-P. Turpault, M. Buée, W. De Boer, J.H.J. Leveau, and P. Frey-Klett (2016) Specific impacts of beech and Norway spruce on the structure and diversity of the rhizosphere and soil microbial communities. Scientific Reports, 6: 27756. PDF


Esser, D.S., J.H.J. Leveau, and K.M. Meyer (2015) Modeling microbial growth and dynamics. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 99(210): 8831-8846. link

Doan, H.K. and J.H.J. Leveau (2015) Artificial surfaces in phyllosphere microbiology. Phytopathology, 105(8): 1036-1042. PDF

Esser, D.S., J.H.J. Leveau, K.M. Meyer, and K. Wiegand (2015) Spatial scales of interactions among bacteria and between bacteria and the leaf surface. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 91(3): fiu034. link

Wu, J.-J., V.C.L. de Jager, W.L. Deng, and J.H.J. Leveau (2015) Finished genome sequence of Collimonas arenae Cal35. Genome Announcement 3(1): e01408-14. PDF

Deveau, A., M. Barret, A.G. Diedhiou, J.H.J. Leveau, W. de Boer, A. Sarniguet, and P. Frey-Klett (2015) Pairwise transcriptomic analysis of the interactions between the ectomycorrhizal fungus Laccaria bicolor S238N and three beneficial, neutral and antagonistic soil bacteria. Microbial Ecology, 69: 146-159. PDF


Scheublin, T.R., S. Deusch, S.K. Moreno-Forero, J.A. Müller, J.R. van der Meer, and J.H.J. Leveau (2014) Transcriptional profiling of Gram-positive Arthrobacter in the phyllosphere: induction of pollutant degradation genes by natural plant phenolic compounds. Environmental Microbiology, 16(7): 2212-2225. PDF

Fritsche, K., M. van den Berg, W. de Boer, T.A. van Beek, J.M. Raaijmakers, J.A. van Veen, and J.H.J. Leveau (2014) Biosynthetic genes and activity spectrum of antifungal polyynes from Collimonas fungivorans Ter331. Environmental Microbiology, 16(5): 1334-1345. PDF

Uroz, S., J. J. Tech, P. Frey-Klett, and J.H.J. Leveau (2014) Structure and function of bacterial communities in aging soils: insights from the Mendocino Ecological Staircase. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 69: 265-274. PDF


Kreft, J.-U., C.M. Plugge, V. Grimm, C. Prats, J.H.J. Leveau, T. Banitz, S. Baines, J. Clark, A. Ros, I. Klapper, C.J. Topping, A.J. Field, A. Schuler, E. Litchman, and F.L. Hellweger (2013) Mighty small: observing and modeling individual microbes becomes big science. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 110(45): 18027–18028. PDF

Rastogi, G., G.L. Coaker, J.H.J. Leveau (2013) New insights into the structure and function of phyllosphere microbiota through high-throughput molecular approaches. FEMS Microbiology Letters, 348(1): 1-10. PDF

Donati, A.J., H.-I. Lee, J.H.J. Leveau, and W.-S. Chang (2013) Effects of indole-3-acetic acid on the transcriptional activities and stress tolerance of Bradyrhizobium japonicum. PLoS ONE, 8(10): e76559. PDF

van der Wal, A., R. Tecon, J.-U. Kreft, W. Mooij, and J.H.J. Leveau (2013) Explaining bacterial dispersion on plant leaf surfaces with an individual-oriented model (PHYLLOSIM). PLoS ONE, 8(10): e75633. PDF

Scott, J.C., I.V. Greenhut, and J.H.J. Leveau (2013) Functional characterization of the bacterial iac genes for degradation of the plant hormone indole 3-acetic acid. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 39(7): 942-951. PDF

Remus-Emsermann, M.N.P., E.B. Kim, M.L. Marco, R. Tecon, and J.H.J. Leveau (2013) Draft genome sequence of the phyllosphere model bacterium Pantoea agglomerans 299R. Genome Announcements, 1(1): e00036-13. PDF

Remus-Emsermann, M.N.P, G.A. Kowalchuk, and J.H.J. Leveau (2013) Single-cell versus population-level reproductive success of bacterial immigrants to precolonized leaf surfaces. Environmental Microbiology Reports, 5(3): 387–392. PDF

Scheublin T. and J.H.J. Leveau (2013) Isolation of Arthrobacter species from the phyllosphere and demonstration of their epiphytic fitness. MicrobiologyOpen, 2(1): 205-213. PDF


Rastogi, G., A. Sbodio, J.J. Tech, T.V. Suslow, G.L. Coaker and J.H.J. Leveau (2012) Leaf microbiota in an agroecosystem: spatiotemporal variation in bacterial community composition on field-grown lettuce. The ISME Journal, 6(10): 1812-1822. PDF

Mela, F., K. Fritsche, W. de Boer, M. van den Berg, J. A. van Veen, N.N. Maharaj, and J.H.J. Leveau (2012) Comparative genomics of bacteria from the genus Collimonas: linking (dis)similarities in gene content to phenotypic variation and conservation. Environmental Microbiology Reports, 4(4): 424-432. PDF

Tecon, R. and J.H.J. Leveau (2012) The mechanics of bacterial cluster formation on plant leaf surfaces as revealed by bioreporter technology. Environmental Microbiology, 14(5): 1325-1332. PDF

Remus-Emsermann, M.N.P., R. Tecon, G.A. Kowalchuk, and J.H.J. Leveau (2012) Variation in local carrying capacity and the individual fate of bacterial colonizers in the phyllosphere. The ISME Journal, 6(4): 756-765. PDF

Meyer, K.M. and J.H.J. Leveau (2012) Microbiology of the phyllosphere: a playground for testing ecological concepts. Oecologia, 168(3): 621-629. PDF


Tomich, T.P., S. Brodt, H. Ferris, R. Galt, W.R. Horwath, E. Kebreab, J.H.J. Leveau, D. Liptzin, M. Lubell, P. Merel, R. Michelmore, T. Rosenstock, K. Scow, J. Six, N. Williams, and L. Yang (2011) Agroecology: a review from a global change perspective. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 36: 193-222. PDF

Leveau, J.H.J. and J.J. Tech (2011) Grapevine microbiomics: bacterial diversity on grape leaves and berries revealed by high-throughput sequence analysis of 16S rRNA amplicons. Acta Horticulturae, 905: 31-42. PDF

Remus-Emsermann, M.N.P., S. De Oliveira, L. Schreiber, and J.H.J. Leveau (2011) Quantification of lateral heterogeneity in carbohydrate permeability of isolated plant leaf cuticles. Frontiers in Microbiology, 2: 197. PDF

Mela, F., K. Fritsche, W. de Boer, J.A. van Veen, L. de Graaff, M. van den Berg, and J.H.J. Leveau (2011) Dual transcriptional profiling of a bacterial/fungal confrontation: Collimonas fungivorans versus Aspergillus niger. The ISME Journal, 5(9): 1494-1504. PDF

Kim Y.C., J.H.J. Leveau, B.B. McSpadden Gardener, E.A. Pierson, L.S. Pierson III, and C.-M. Ryu (2011) The multifactorial basis for plant health promotion by plant-associated bacteria. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 77(5): 1548-1555. PDF

van der Wal, A. and J.H.J. Leveau (2011) Modelling sugar diffusion across plant leaf cuticles: the effect of free water on substrate availability to phyllosphere bacteria. Environmental Microbiology, 13(3): 792-797. PDF


Rastogi, G., J.J. Tech, G.L. Coaker, and J.H.J. Leveau (2010) A PCR-based toolbox for the culture-independent quantification of total bacterial abundances in plant environments. Journal of Microbiological Methods, 83(2): 127-132. PDF

Goffin, P., B. van de Bunt, M. Giovane, J.H.J. Leveau, S. Höppener-Ogawa, B. Teusink, and J. Hugenholtz (2010) Understanding the physiology of Lactobacillus plantarum at zero growth. Molecular Systems Biology, 6: 413(1-12). PDF

Gordon, T.R. and J.H.J. Leveau (2010) Plant Pathology: a story about biology. Annual Review of Phytopathology, 48: 293-309. PDF

Remus-Emsermann, M.N.P., and J.H.J. Leveau (2010) Linking environmental heterogeneity and reproductive success at single-cell resolution. The ISME Journal, 4(2): 215-222. PDF

Leveau, J.H.J., S. Uroz, and W. de Boer (2010) The bacterial genus Collimonas: mycophagy, weathering, and other adaptive solutions to life in oligotrophic soil environments. Environmental Microbiology, 12(2): 281-292. PDF


Leveau, J.H.J. (2009) Microbiology: Life on leaves. Nature, 461(7265): 741-742. PDF

Uroz, S., C. Calvaruso, M.P. Turpault, A. Sarniguet, W. de Boer, J.H.J. Leveau, and P. Frey-Klett (2009) Efficient mineral weathering is a distinctive trait of the bacterial genus Collimonas. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 41(10): 2178-2186. PDF

Höppener-Ogawa, S., J.H.J. Leveau, M.P.J. Hundscheid, J.A. van Veen, and W. de Boer (2009) Impact of Collimonas bacteria on community composition of soil fungi. Environmental Microbiology, 11(6): 1444-1452. PDF

Faure, D., D. Vereecke, and J.H.J. Leveau (2009) Molecular communication in the rhizosphere. Plant Soil, 321: 279-303. PDF

Höppener-Ogawa, S., J.H.J. Leveau, J.A. van Veen, and W. de Boer (2009) Mycophagous growth of Collimonas bacteria in natural soils, impact on fungal biomass turnover and interactions with mycophagous Trichoderma fungi. The ISME Journal, 3: 190-198. PDF


Fritsche K., W. de Boer, S. Gerards, M. van den Berg, J.A. van Veen, and J.H.J. Leveau (2008) Identification and characterization of genes underlying chitinolysis in Collimonas fungivorans Ter331. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 66(1): 123-135. PDF

Mela, F., K. Fritsche, H. Boersma, J.D. van Elsas, D. Bartels, F. Meyer, W. de Boer, J.A. van Veen, and J.H.J. Leveau (2008) Comparative genomics of the pIPO2/pSB102 family of environmental plasmids: sequence, evolution, and ecology of pTer331 isolated from Collimonas fungivorans Ter331. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 66(1): 45-62. PDF

Leveau, J.H.J. and S. Gerards (2008) Discovery of a bacterial gene cluster for catabolism of the plant hormone indole 3-acetic acid. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 65(2): 238-250. PDF

Leveau, J.H.J. and G.M. Preston (2008) Bacterial mycophagy: definition and diagnosis of a unique bacterial-fungal interaction. New Phytologist, 177(4): 859-876. PDF

Höppener-Ogawa, S., W. de Boer, J.H.J. Leveau, J.A. van Veen, E. de Brandt, E. Vanlaere, H. Sutton, D.J. Dare, and P. Vandamme (2008) Collimonas arenae sp. nov. and Collimonas pratensis sp. nov., isolated from (semi-)natural grassland soils. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 58(2): 414-419. PDF


Leveau, J.H.J. (2007) The magic and menace of metagenomics: prospects for the study of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 119(3): 279-300. PDF

Höppener-Ogawa, S., J.H.J. Leveau, W. Smant, J.A. van Veen, and W. de Boer (2007) Specific detection and real-time PCR quantification of potentially mycophagous bacteria belonging to the genus Collimonas in different soil ecosystems. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 73(13): 4191-4197. PDF

Kamilova, F., J.H.J. Leveau, and B.J.J. Lugtenberg (2007) Collimonas fungivorans, an unpredicted in vitro but efficient in vivo biocontrol agent for the suppression of tomato foot and root rot. Environmental Microbiology, 9(6): 1597-1603. PDF Erratum


Leveau, J.H.J., S. Gerards, K. Fritsche, G. Zondag, and J.A. van Veen (2006) Genomic flank-sequencing of plasposon insertion sites for rapid identification of functional genes. Journal of Microbiological Methods, 66(2): 276-285. PDF


Leveau, J.H.J., and S.E. Lindow (2005) Utilization of the plant hormone indole-3- acetic acid for growth by Pseudomonas putida strain 1290. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 71(5): 2365-2371. PDF


Leveau, J.H.J., S. Gerards, W. de Boer, and J.A. van Veen (2004) Phylogeny-function analysis of (meta)genomic libraries: screening for expression of ribosomal RNA genes by large-insert library fluorescent in situ hybridization (LIL-FISH). Environmental Microbiology, 6(9): 990-998. PDF

de Boer, W., J.H.J. Leveau, G.A. Kowalchuk, P.J.A. Klein Gunnewiek, E.C.A. Abeln, M.J. Figge, K. Sjollema, J.D. Janse, and J.A. van Veen (2004) Collimonas fungivorans gen. nov., sp. nov., a chitinolytic soil bacterium with the ability to grow on living fungal hyphae. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 54: 857-864. PDF


Leveau, J.H.J., and S.E. Lindow (2002) Bioreporters in microbial ecology. Current Opinion in Microbiology, 5(3): 259-265. PDF

Lindow, S.E., and J.H.J. Leveau. (2002) Phyllosphere microbiology. Current Opinion in Biotechnology, 13(3): 238-243. PDF


Leveau, J.H.J., and S.E. Lindow (2001) Predictive and interpretive simulation of GFP expression in reporter bacteria. Journal of Bacteriology, 183(23): 6752-6762. PDF

Leveau, J.H.J., and S.E. Lindow (2001) Appetite of an epiphyte: quantitative monitoring of bacterial sugar consumption in the phyllosphere. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 98(6): 3446-3453. PDF


Miller, W.G., J.H.J. Leveau, and S.E. Lindow (2000) Improved gfp and inaZ broadhost-range promoter-probe vectors. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, 13(11): 1243-1250. PDF

Laemmli, C.M., J.H.J. Leveau, A.J.B. Zehnder, and J.R. van der Meer (2000) Characterization of a second tfd gene cluster for chlorophenol and chlorocatechol metabolism on plasmid pJP4 in Ralstonia eutropha JMP 134 (pJP4). Journal of Bacteriology, 182(15): 4165-4172. PDF


Leveau, J.H.J., F. König, H.P. Füchslin, Ch. Werlen, and J.R. van der Meer (1999) Dynamics of multigene expression during catabolic adaptation of Ralstonia eutropha JMP134 (pJP4) to the herbicide 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetate. Molecular Microbiology, 33(2): 396-406. PDF


Leveau, J.H.J., A.J.B. Zehnder, and J.R. van der Meer (1998) The tfdK gene product facilitates the uptake of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetate by Ralstonia eutropha JMP134(pJP4). Journal of Bacteriology, 180(8): 2237-2243. PDF


Leveau, J.H.J., and J.R. van der Meer (1997) Genetic characterization of insertion sequence ISJP4 on plasmid pJP4 from Ralstonia eutropha JMP134. Gene, 202(1-2): 103-114. PDF


Leveau, J.H.J. and J.R. van der Meer (1996) The tfdR gene product can successfully take over the role from the insertion-element-inactivated TfdT protein as a transcriptional activator of the tfdCDEF gene cluster, which encodes chlorocatechol degradation in Ralstonia eutropha JMP134 (pJP4). Journal of Bacteriology, 178(23): 6824-6832. PDF


Leveau, J.H.J., W.M. de Vos, and J.R. van der Meer (1994) Analysis of the binding site of the LysR-type transcriptional activator TcbR on the tcbR and tcbC divergent promoter sequences. Journal of Bacteriology, 176(7): 1850-1856. PDF


Deretic, V., J.H.J. Leveau, C.D. Mohr, and N.S. Hibler (1992) In vitro phosphorylation of AlgR, a regulator of mucoidy in Pseudomonas aeruginosa, by a histidine protein kinase and effects of small phospho-donor molecules. Molecular Microbiology, 6(19): 2761-2767. PDF

Mohr, C.D., J.H.J. Leveau, D.P. Krieg, N.S. Hibler, and V. Deretic. (1992) AlgR binding site within the algD promoter make up a set of inverted repeats separated by a large intervening segment of DNA. Journal of Bacteriology, 174(20): 6624-6633. PDF


van der Meer, J.R., A.C.J. Frijters, J.H.J. Leveau, R.I.L. Eggen, A.J.B. Zehnder, and W.M. de Vos. (1991) Characterization of the Pseudomonas sp. strain P51 gene tcbR, a LysR-type transcriptional activator of the tcbCDEF chlorocatechol oxidative operon, and analysis of the regulatory region. Journal of Bacteriology, 173(12): 3700-3708. PDF


Book chapters


J.H.J. Leveau: The lettuce-associated microbiota, in Compendium of Lettuce Diseases and Pests, second edition, edited by K. V. Subbarao, R. M. Davis, R. L. Gilbertson, and R. N. Raid (American Phytopathological Society, St. Paul, MN). PDF


J.H.J. Leveau: Life of microbes on aerial plant parts, in Principles of Plant-Microbe Interactions: Role of Microbes in Sustainable Agriculture (pages 17-24), edited by B.J.J. Lugtenberg (Springer, Cham, Switzerland).


Kowalchuk, G.A., E. Yergeau, J.H.J. Leveau, A. Sessitsch, and M. Bailey: Plant-associated microbial communities, in Environmental Molecular Microbiology (pages 131-148), edited by W.-T. Liu and J. Jansson (Caister Academic Press, Norfolk, UK).


Lugtenberg, B.J.J., and J.H.J. Leveau: Biocontrol of plant pathogens: principles, promises, and pitfalls, in The Rhizosphere: biochemistry and organic substances at the soil-plant interface, second edition (pages 267-296), edited by R. Pinton, Z. Varanini, and P. Nannipieri (CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL).

Leveau, J.H.J., J.E. Loper, and S.E. Lindow: Reporter gene systems useful in evaluating in situ gene expression by soil- and plant- associated bacteria, in Manual of Environmental Microbiology, third edition (pages 734-747), edited by C.J. Hurst, R.L. Crawford, J.L. Garland, D.A. Lipson, A.L. Mills, and L.D. Stetzenbach (ASM Press, Washington D.C.).


Leveau, J.H.J.: Microbial communities in the phyllosphere, in Biology of the Plant Cuticle (pages 334-367), edited by M. Riederer and C. Mueller (Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, UK).


Leveau, J.H.J.: Leaf surface sugars, in Encyclopedia of Plant and Crop Science (pages 642-645), edited by R.M. Goodman (Marcel Dekker).


Lindow, S.E., J.-M. Monier, and J.H.J. Leveau: Characterizing the microhabitats of bacteria on leaves, in Biology of Plant-Microbe Interactions, Volume 3 (pages 241-249), edited by S.A. Leong, C. Allen, and E.W. Triplett (APS Press, St. Paul, MN).


Popular press

Leveau, J.H.J. Fun with genomes: the Mycomuncher DNA Puzzle. Science in School, 5: 28-31. PDF


Student theses

Ecology of Mycophagous Collimonas Bacteria in Soil, by Sachie Höppener-Ogawa (2008) PDF

Genomic Analysis of Bacterial Mycophagy, by Francesca Mela (2011) PDF

The Ecology of Bacterial Individuality, by Mitja Remus-Emsermann (2012) PDF